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Definition of probiotics

Principles – meaning of probiotics

A medicinal probiotic is a microbial preparation which contains living and/or non-living microorganisms and/or components and products of these and is designed for application as a medical product. The effect is primarily based on an improvement in the defence system of the organism.


Medicinal probiotics can be grouped into the following categories:

• extracts/lysates from/of physiological microorganisms,

• living microorganisms,

• a combination of the two categories above

• autoinoculations made from apathogenic bacteria (e.g. Escherichia coli),

• autoinoculations made from pathogenic bacteria (e.g. Staphylococcus, Candida),

• extracts/lysates from/of pathogenic bacteria,

• heteroinoculations made from pathogenic bacteria (e.g. periodontosis bacteria).


Due to legal regulations in the medical industry, the following product groups exist:

• pharmaceutical product,

• dietary supplement,

• balanced diets,

• medical products.


No qualitative classification is linked with this categorisation.









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